mercredi 8 août 2012


Place of birth and / or date of birth: Oufon, 1950 - Monrovia, 1990  Liberian political and military. The son of a soldier, belonging to the tribe Jran, one of 16 major language groups in Liberia, he joined the Army of his country in July 1969. After intensive training was promoted to sergeant in October 1979 head and responsible for the administration of the third battalion at Camp Barclay  With no political experience, April 12, 1980 led the first coup in the history of Liberia that overthrew the civilian regime of President William S. Tolbert was murdered in his home that day. 

Among his first decisions, ordered the execution of more than thirteen government leaders, including several ministers. Tolbert's overthrow marked the end of the political and economic domination of the descendants of freed black slaves in America and who founded Liberia in mid-nineteenth century. In his first public, two days after the coup,

Sergeant Doe stated its intention to build a society based on egalitarianism, social justice and respect for human dignity  From the very day of the coup, Samuel Doe, and promoted to General, was established in chief of the Military Rehabilitation Board Liberia and, therefore, President of the country. Pressed by U.S., approved in June 1983 elections for the formation of a Constituent Assembly that drafted a new constitution approved by referendum in July 1984. Also political parties were legalized  

On October 15, 1985 were held legislative and presidential elections to which were four major parties, besides the National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL), led by Samuel Doe. The results led to the NDPL won with Samuel Doe as President. In 1986 he was sworn in Chief of State of Liberia  Since Doe took power in 1980 after the overthrow of President Tolbert, Liberia's political life has been marked by numerous coup attempts. 

In December 1989, there was the eighth shot. The attempt failed once again triggered the civil war between the National Patriotic Front (NPFL), later divided into two fractions, and the Army.  When he went to meet with the general Ghanaian Quainoo Arnold, commander of the multinational peacekeeping force of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Samuel Doe was arrested. He died after being wounded and captured by the dissident faction of the guerrillas of the National Patriotic Front (NPFL) led by Prince Johnson, September 10, 1990